1. IIT-M developed Parabolic Trough Collector to help manufacturers in solar energy devices

Indian Institute of Madras (IIT-M) developed ‘Parabolic Trough Collector’, a new trough collector equipped with enhanced energy to serve industries. The discovery is expected to pave the way for sustainable energy solutions in agriculture and industrial process heat sectors. It has been designed in a way to help manufacturers in solar energy devices.

Parabolic Trough Collector:
The Collector is a lightweight and low-cost system with high energy efficiency and can operate under the country’s varied climatic conditions.
Trough Collector will focus on sunlight on a small area where it is absorbed. It is then utilized for heating and subsequently into energy generation.
The system can help to develop solar energy devices with higher efficiency.
This is in line with the Centre’s National Solar Mission which has set a target of providing 20,000 MW solar power by 2022.
As solar energy remains a higher priority in the energy domain, the concentrated solar power technology will meet thermal and electrical energy demands due to its high dispatchability and reliability.

2. GoI launched five key initiatives to conserve biodiversity

Government of India launched five key initiatives towards conservation of biodiversity during the occasion of International Day for Biological Diversity 2020. The initiatives were launched by the Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar.

The five initiatives are:
One of the initiatives is the Biodiversity Samrakshan Internship Programme. It was launched by the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The programme proposes to engage 20 students with postgraduate degrees for a period of one year through an open, transparent, online competitive process.
The World Wildlife Fund Model Conference of Parties (COP), including the younger generation, was launched. It will engage in imprinting humanity towards biodiversity. UNEP Campaign on Illegal Trafficking of Endangered Species: Not all Animals Migrate by Choice initiative was launched.
The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau campaign called Not All Animals Migrate by Choice was launched.
A Webinar series titled “Biodiversity Conservation and Biological Diversity Act, 2002” was launched.

3. UN lists khudol of Manipur as one of top 10 global initiatives to fight COVID-19 pandemic

The United Nations (UN) has listed Manipur’s “khudol” (gift) among the top 10 global initiatives for an inclusive fight against the COVID-19 pandemic. It was listed by the United Nations Secretary-General’s Envoy on Youth.

Khudol:
Khudol is a crowdfunded initiative of Ya_All, .
The initiative aims to ensure food supplies and health services for the people living with HIV, daily-wage earners, LGBTQI+ community, children, and adolescents.
Under the initiative network of 100 volunteers has been mobilized.
The volunteers have, so far, provided around 2,000 families and individuals with over 1,000 health kits, 6,500 sanitary pads, and 1,500 condoms.

Ya_All:
Ya_All means Revolution in Manipuri. It was founded in 2017. The initiative aims to organize mental health workshops and work mostly on the health and well being of adolescents, youths, LGBTI community.

4. Abhas Jha appointed by World Bank to Key position on Climate Change, Disaster Management in South Asia

Indian economist Abhas Jha has been appointed by the World Bank to a key position on climate change and disaster management in South Asia. Jha’s appointment comes during the time when Cyclone Amphan has badly hit West Bengal, Orissa in India, and Bangladesh.

Roles and Duties:
Jha will help the South Asia region (SAR) Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change team to connect and collaborate across Global Practice boundaries.
He will also guide the World Bank to conceive and deliver innovative and high-quality development solutions to respond to client demands and strengthen disaster risk management and climate action in the region.
He will work with other Global Leads, Practice Managers, and Global Solutions Groups to incubate, pilot and scale-up innovative and high-quality development solutions, and to promote the generation and flow of global knowledge to serve the affected countries.
Abhas Jha joined the Bank in 2001 in the office of the Executive Director (ED) for Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Sri Lanka. Since then, he has worked in Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe and Central Asia, and East Asia and the Pacific regions.
Prior to his appointment, he served as a Practice Manager for Urban Development and Disaster Risk Management in East Asia and the Pacific region. His area of jurisdiction includes Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and the Maldives.
ICMR to use Kangra Tea to lower coronavirus activity better than HCQ
ICMR to use Kangra Tea to lower coronavirus activity better than HCQ
The chemicals in Kangra tea will be effective in boosting immunity as they can block coronavirus activity better than anti-HIV drugs.

5. ICMR to use Kangra Tea to lower coronavirus activity better than HCQ

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has announced that it is to replace hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) with Kangra tea to improve immunity and possibly reduce viral replication, in the revised protocol.

The chemicals in Kangra tea will be effective in boosting immunity as they can block coronavirus activity better than anti-HIV drugs.
Using computer-based models, the scientists have screened 65 bioactive chemicals or polyphenols that could bind to a specific viral protein more efficiently than commercially available anti-HIV drugs approved for treating COVID-19 patients.
These chemicals might block the activity of the viral protein that helps the virus to thrive inside human cells.
The Chemicals in Kangra tea is believed to be effective in boosting immunity as they can block coronavirus activity better than anti-HIV drugs.
Apart from this, IHBT, CSIR has developed herbal soap with tea extract, natural saponins, and without SLES (sodium laureth sulphate), sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and mineral oil.

6. CeNS develops cup-shaped design mask to tackle COVID-19 spread

Researchers at Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Sciences (CeNS), Bangalore developed a cup-shaped design mask that helps to create enough space in front of the mouth while speaking to tackle COVID-19. It has been transferred to a Bangalore based company for mass production.
The newly developed snug fit mask causes no speech distortion, no fogging on glasses, and indeed, packs well all around. It is designed in a way that the mask leaves practically no room for leakage while breathing.

The high breathability feature of the mask allows one to wear it without any discomfort. The researchers have chosen the fabric layers such that there is a possibility of deactivating pathogens sheerly by the electric charges that may prevail under mild friction due to the triboelectric nature of the fabric. Also, it uses an ergonomic design for the COVID-19 protection mask, which is essential for its ease of use for long hours.
The company has planned to produce and sell around one lakh mask per day through different distribution channels throughout India.

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