Red Cross Day is celebrated on 8th of May on the birth anniversary of the Founder of the Red Cross and International Committee of the Red cross (ICRC) Henry Dunant. He was born on 8th May 1828.
In 1863, he established the Red cross Committee International which is known as [(ICRI)IN] in Geneva, Switzerland. He was awarded the Nobel peace prize.
On this day the principles of the International Red Crescent Movement is celebrated.
Red Cross Day is also known as ‘World Red cross’ and ‘Red Crescent Day’.
Red Cross is Dedicated to the people who are suffering from
1. Shortage of Food
2. Natural calamities
3. War or epidemic diseases
Basic amenities are also provided to the people who are in need.
Many Government as well as Private organisations become active members to help needy people who suffer through several disasters.
After World War I, Red Cross was introduced as a major contribution to the peace and set up an international commission at 14th International Conference of the Red Cross to study the Red Cross Truce.
In 1934 the report of the Red Cross Truce was presented and its principles were approved on 15th International Conference at Tokyo to get applicable all across the world in different regions.
In 1946 in World War II, the Tokyo proposal was put into effect. The possibility of annual celebration was asked by the Board of Governors of the “League of the Red Cross Societies (LORCS)”, later called the General Assembly of the International Federation of Red Cross Societies.
Two years later the proposal of celebrating annually World Red Cross Day was adopted on 8 May, 1948, the birth anniversary of Henry Dunant, the founder of the Red Cross. In 1984 officially it was named as “World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day”.
Various programmes and events are organised by the International Committee of the Red Cross and its members to facilitate and promote their humanitarian activities. They even motivate people to protect their own lives and take care of the dignity of the victims. This day is celebrated by all the sections of the Red Cross organisations to help people suffering from flood, earthquakes i.e. natural disasters and protect their life from emergencies.
The seven main principles of Red Cross Society are:
- Humanity: The main aim is to protect the life, health and to ensure respect for every human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, and cooperation amongst all peoples.
- Impartiality: No discrimination should be made on the basis of nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. The first and foremost motive is to help the people solely on the basis of their needs and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.
- Neutrality: The main purpose of this principle is to keep everyone neutral in providing help and the movement should not be affected by political, racial, religious or ideological controversies.
- Independence: We all know that this movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the movement.
- Voluntary Service: It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.
- Unity: This organisation must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.
- Universality: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all societies and people’s have equal status and share equal liabilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.
Red Cross Society: Works
The main focus of the Red Cross Society is to collect blood. Several ways are there due to which people are encouraged to support the Red Cross and donate blood. The work of Red Cross is also to provide first aid, emergency response, health and social care, preparing for disasters, refugee services and help people in finding missing families. In fact, during times of war, the Red Cross helps to protect people in armed conflict.
After COVID-19 outbreak, IFRC is coordinating with all National Societies to provide support, issuing advisories, personal protective equipment, providing technical support and guidance to National Societies engaged in quarantine, screening, pre-hospital, home-based and hospital care.
World Red Cross Day: Celebrations
- World Red Cross Day is celebrated to create a peaceful environment across the world.
- This day will also help to decrease the death rate of the people suffering from an Epidemic illness.
- When there is an emergency World Red Cross Day is used to handle and tackle the people from the vulnerable areas to provide every security.
- Conventions of Geneva are used to solve the problems of the Warring nations.
- In various vulnerable conditions, they generate several communities to help people suffering from disasters.
- Each and every kind of help from the doctors or nurses are provided by them when the Army gets injured in any war.
- It also saves people from the war.
- Even financial help is also provided by the World Red Cross to the people who suffered.
- To show the activities of Red Cross many local types of programmes like Rath Yatra Movement are organised.
- New Volunteers also work for the good cause in guiding the Representatives of the State Branch and Manager of the office of the Branch. They work for almost 60 Hours which are known as the Hours of the Volunteers for the Subject that the Volunteers are given the task.
- Many Volunteers organise the Blood Donation as well as anaemia Camps for the people to get aware of many activities.
- Several seminars in World Red Cross Day are organised by the experienced members in many states like Kolkata, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Orissa, Jammu and Kashmir etc.
- From various countries, State Governors and also the Ministers of the State attend the programmes.
- The celebration of the event is published by the T.V. Channels, Radio Talks and also through the News Channels.
World Red Cross Day is celebrated to encourage and help people from natural calamities, disaster and war etc. It not only protects their life but also provide financial help to overcome the situation. World red cross also promotes self-awareness and empowers youth to learn about the techniques and methods that are essential for the survival of our generation as well as the next generation.
Themes for the World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day:
- The theme for the year 2019 was “love”
- The theme for the year 2018 was “Memorable smiles from around the world“
- The theme for the year 2017 was “Less Known Red Cross Stories”
- The theme for the year 2016 was “Everywhere for Every People”.
- The theme for the year 2015 was “Get Together for the purpose of Humanity”.
- The theme for the year 2014 was “Get Together for everyone people”.
- The theme for the year 2013 was “Be Together for the reason of Humanity”.
- The theme for the year 2012 was “Move of the Youth”.
- The theme for the year 2011 was “Search for the Volunteer which is inside you”.
- The theme for the year 2010 was “City”.
- The theme for the year 2009 was “Change in the Climate and it causes on the Human’s which serves as a Today’s Solferino”.
Source: National Health Portal of India, World Red Cross Day,icrc.org, The Hindu, The Economic Times.